Active Ingredient: Amoxicillin
The disease is considered a potential biologic weapon. Extreme caution should be maintained when handling infected tissues or culture media.
Acute and convalescent titers also can confirm the diagnosis. Abnormal chest radiographic findings i.
If available, the treatment of choice for tularemia is streptomycin 0. Gentamicin 3 to 5 mg per kg per day, intramuscularly or intravenously in three divided doses for seven to 14 days also is effective.
Transmission occurs by the vector tick various species of Ixodes. Most cases occur in the northeastern United States.
Fever, sweating, myalgias, and headache also occur. The diagnosis is made by detection of protozoa in blood smears. Serologic testing and polymerase chain reaction testing also are available.
Mild disease requires only symptomatic treatment.
For severe cases e. Exchange transfusion has been used in severely ill patients with high parasitemia. Between 200 and 300 cases are diagnosed each year, predominantly in the Rocky Mountain region.
Although approximately one third of patients have a sore throat, more extensive involvement of the respiratory system rarely occurs. No specific medication is indicated.
At the onset of symptoms, most patients will be treated empirically with tetracycline, doxycycline, or chloramphenicol to cover for other tick-borne diseases. Ticks of the Ornithodoros genus are the chief vectors. Hosts include rodents e.
In the United States, most cases occur west of the Mississippi River, especially in mountainous areas. The disease typically occurs sporadically or in small, often familial, clusters.What is Amoxil. Amoxil amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic.